Artificial insemination is a form of assisted reproductive technology
technique. Artificial insemination techniques available include intracervical
insemination and intrauterine insemination. Artificial insemination is a
fertilization procedure in which sperm is artificially placed into a woman’s
cervix (intracervical insemination) or uterus (intrauterine insemination).
During the treatment, the woman’s menstrual cycle is closely monitored using
ovarian kits, ultrasounds, and blood tests. The semen to be implanted is
“washed” in a laboratory, which increases the chances of fertilization while
removing unnecessary, potentially harmful chemicals. The semen is inserted into
the woman, and if the procedure is successful, she conceives. The chances of
becoming pregnant using artificial insemination depends a lot on what type of
fertility issue is preventing a natural conception. Generally there is a 5-25%
rate of success per treatment for women who use AI to get pregnant, and these
chances increase if the woman uses fertility drugs before the treatment.
Artificial insemination has been a popular form of fertility treatment for
couples trying to conceive. The original technique used for artificial
insemination was referred to as intracervical insemination or ICI. Today’s most
common technique is called intrauterine insemination or IUI and is more
effective procedure than the original. This process turns the dreams of having
a child into a reality for many couples facing infertility issues, single women
and same-sex couples.
When is the artificial insemination
Artificial insemination can be used for many kinds of fertility problems.
There are many reasons why women may undergo an artificial insemination
procedure. While many of these reasons are related to medical issues, some are
Artificial Insemination treatment is
chosen because of the following reasons:
1) IUI is often performed as a first treatment for unexplained infertility
along with ovulation-inducing medications.
2) It is often used to impregnate women whose partners have very low sperm
counts or sperm that aren’t strong enough to swim through the cervix and up
into the fallopian tubes.
3) IA is used for infertility issues dues to cervical factor infertility. It
means that cervix is unable to produce enough mucus and allows the sperm to
travel to the womb. The mucus surrounding the cervix is hostile to sperm and
prevents sperm from getting into the uterus and fallopian tubes. Artificial
insemination allows the sperm to bypass the cervical mucus entirely.
4) Fertility issues caused by endometriosis.
5) When the male partner is impotent or suffers from infertility that
results from medical issues.
6) In rare cases, some women suffer from a semen allergy that prohibits
having direct contact with the sperm.
7) Women that want a child without a partner may consider artificial
8) A couple that is in a same-sex relationship may use artificial
insemination to have a child.
Women can use their husband’s sperm for insemination if it is viable, or
they can choose to use donor sperm. In this case they will be using Artificial
Insemination by Donor (AID) to get pregnant. This process may be needed if the
husband’s sperm is not viable or if the female is single and wishes to have a
baby on her own. This type of fertility treatment can also be utilized by
couples where the male partner has a genetic disorder, or when more advanced
treatments like intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is too expensive.
Intrauterine insemination is a relatively simple and safe procedure, and the
risk of serious complications is low. However the risk factors may include infection,
spotting and multiple pregnancies.
The process of Artificial Insemination
An insemination procedure uses a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to put sperm
into the woman’s reproductive tract. For some couples with infertility
problems, insemination can improve the chances of pregnancy. Donor sperm are
used if the male partner is sterile, has an extremely low sperm count, or
carries a risk of genetic disease. A woman planning to conceive without a male
partner can also use donor sperm. Prior to insemination, the sperm usually are
washed and concentrated (placing unwashed sperm directly into the uterus can
cause severe cramps). Concentration is accomplished by selectively choosing
highly active, healthy sperm that are more capable of fertilizing an egg.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI): Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the
placing of sperm into a woman’s uterus when she is ovulating. This is achieved
with a thin flexible tube (catheter) that is passed into the vagina, through
the cervix, and into the uterus. IUI can use sperm from the male partner or a
donor. It is often combined with super ovulation medicine to increase the
number of available eggs.
Artificial insemination (AI): Artificial insemination (AI) is another name
for intrauterine insemination but can also refer to placing sperm in a woman’s
vagina or cervix when she is ovulating. The sperm then travel into the
fallopian tubes, where they can fertilize the woman’s egg or eggs. AI can be
done with sperm from the male partner or a donor, and can be combined with
What to Expect After Treatment
These techniques are done on an outpatient basis and require only a short
recovery time. You may experience cramping during the procedure, especially if
sperm are inserted into your uterus. You may be advised to avoid strenuous
activities for the remainder of the day. The treatment is pretty simple and
painless with maybe a little cramping. It is performed in the fertility
specialist clinic and the procedure can be done by a qualified nurse or a
IUI may also be used if a couple would like to avoid the higher cost of IVF
treatment. Even though IUI is less effective per cycle than IVF, a couple may
be able to afford more attempts with IUI. Artificial insemination should not be
used in women with blocked fallopian tubes. The tubes are often checked out
with an x-ray test called a hysterosalpingogram. Female age is a significant
factor with IUI. Intrauterine insemination has very little chance of working in
women over 40 years old. IUI has also been shown to have a reduced success rate
in younger women with a significantly elevated day 3 FSH level, or other
indications of significantly reduced ovarian reserve. If the sperm count,
motility and morphology scores are quite low, intrauterine insemination is
unlikely to work. Insemination is a reasonable initial treatment that should be
utilized for a maximum of about 3 months in women who are ovulating (releasing
eggs) on their own. It is reasonable to try IUI for longer in women with
polycystic ovaries (PCOS) and lack of ovulation that have been given drugs to
While artificial insemination does not guarantee pregnancy, it does have
success rates of around 30 percent. The success rates do depend on a variety of
factors that include the insemination method used, the age of the female, egg
and sperm quality, male factor infertility and the endometriosis factor. Anyone
interested in artificial insemination should seek a consultation with the
With today’s advanced reproductive technology, you can always find a
solution to all the fertility problems. You must meet an expert in the
infertility field. Dr.Gautam Allahbadia’s IVF Clinic is India’s leading
fertility center in Mumbai, India having the best IVF success rates when
compared globally. Dr.Gautam Allahbadia an IVF Fertility specialist is an
expert in Assisted Reproductive Techniques. Dr. Allahbadia performs in vitro
fertilization (IVF), Donor Egg IVF, ovulation induction, artificial
insemination, intrauterine insemination (IUI) and intracytoplasmic sperm
injection (ICSI). Dr.Allahbadia has successfully handled one of the largest
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Know all about artificial insemination, intrauterine insemination, in vitro
fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), Donor Egg IVF,
ovulation induction, surrogacy, Reproductive Endocrinology and Gynecology
including advanced Laparoscopic Surgery, Tubal reconstruction, and Minimally
Invasive USG-guided therapeutic procedures at http://www.gautamallahbadia.com
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