Endometriosis is a disease that affects women of
reproductive age and that may be associated with both pelvic pain and
infertility. Scientific advances have improved our understanding of this benign
(non-cancerous) but sometimes debilitating condition. And modern medicine now
offers women with endometriosis many treatment options for relief of both pain
According to medical statistics it is estimated that
infertility can affect around 40% of women with endometriosis. Infertility can
be one of the consequences of endometriosis. Interestingly it has been found
that 30-40 % of women undergoing laparoscopy as part of infertility evaluation
are found to have endometriosis.
What is endometriosis?
When the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus
(endometrium) is found outside the uterus, it is termed “endometriosis.”
Endometriosis may grow on the outside of your uterus, ovaries, and tubes and
even on your bladder or intestines. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread
beyond your pelvic region. This tissue can irritate structures that it touches,
causing pain and adhesions (scar tissue) on these organs.
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How women will know
that she has endometriosis?
The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often
associated with your menstrual period. Though many woman experience cramping
during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe
their menstrual pain that's far worse than the usual. They also tend to report
that the pain has increased over time. Common signs and symptoms of
endometriosis may include:
1. Painful periods
(dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before and extend
several days into your period and may include lower back and abdominal pain.
2. Pain with
intercourse. Pain during sex or
after sex is common in endometriosis.
3. Pain with bowel
movements or urination. You're most likely to experience these symptoms
during your period.
bleeding. You may experience occasional heavy periods (menorrhagia) or
bleeding between periods (menometrorrhagia).
Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for
6. Other symptoms.
You may also experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea,
especially during menstrual periods.
The cause of endometriosis is not known, although it often
runs in families. Numerous biochemical and immunological changes have been
identified in association with endometriosis, but it is unclear which may
contribute to endometriosis and which simply result from it.
Does endometriosis lead
Test and Diagnosis
Options available for
What can be done to
maximise future fertility when diagnosed with Endometriosis?
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acquainted with all the details regarding endometriosis, its treatment, test
and diagnosis, treatment options and its effects on infertility at https://ivftreatmentindia.wordpress.com/------------
Many women believe endometriosis will prevent them from
having children. This is a myth. Although some does experience infertility,
about 70 percent of women with endometriosis do not. There are no preventive
measures to avoid the condition. A woman can manage the symptoms only if she is
Finding a doctor with whom you feel comfortable is crucial
in managing and treating endometriosis. You may also want to get a second
opinion before starting any treatment to be sure you know all of your options
and the possible outcomes. About 70 percent of women with endometriosis do not
Gautam N. Allahbadia, MD is the Medical Director of Rotunda
– The Center for Human Reproduction, the world-renowned infertility clinic at
Bandra, Mumbai, India. Services offered by Dr. Gautam and his Infertility
Clinic includes basic work-up of the infertile Couple, One Stop Fertility
Diagnostic Services including hormonal testing, Diagnostic Laparoscopy &
Hysteroscopy, Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Clinic, Reproductive Endoscopic Surgery
including Fallopian Tube Recanalization, Minimally Invasive Ultrasound Guided
Procedures, Uterine Cavity Assessment (Sonocontrast hysterography), Artificial
Insemination, Semen Cryopreservation, Semen processing, Ovulation Induction
& Monitoring, Evaluation of male patient, Intrauterine insemination,
Gonadotropin Cycles, Fallopian Tube Sperm per fusion, GIFT, ZIFT, In Vitro
Fertilization (IVF), Embryo Freezing, BET, Oocyte Donor Program, Surrogacy,
Assisted Hatching, Surgical Sperm Retrieval (PESA/MESA/TESA/TESE), &
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). Dr. Allahbadia and his world-class
team of Reproductive endocrinologists, embryologists, anthologists and
infertility specialists have helped hundreds of couples have babies through
You can contact Dr Gautam
Allahbadia at http://www.gautamallahbadia.com/ or
fix up an appointment over phone at +91 22 2655 2000