Tuberculosis is a rampant disease in developing countries
like India-and one that cuts across all classes. Tuberculosis of the genital
tract occurs quite commonly following tuberculosis infection anywhere else in
the body. It mainly spreads through the blood stream to the genital organs.
When the infection invades the reproductive system (the genital tract), it
commonly targets the fallopian tubes and the uterus and may lower your chances
of conception. Women between the age of 20 and 40 years are most susceptible.
Female genital tuberculosis is fast emerging as a major
health issue that affects fertility levels in women. Doctors say tuberculosis
is a major cause of infection leading to infertility among 25-30% of women in
India. There is an increasing trend of genital tuberculosis among women. The
infection can attack the ovaries, uterus and tubes leading to infertility
problems among women. The disease is also becoming more evident among men
causing infertility. Even among men, who are responsible in 50% of infertility
cases, tuberculosis is a major reason for infection.
Is it possible that TB increases the infertility issues in
TB (Tuberculosis) is the infectious disease and infertility
is the inability to conceive. Yes TB can cause infertility, but usually it does
not show any kind of symptoms until the infection has advanced to a severe
level and can affect the infertility in women as well as in men. In the woman
it causes tuberculosis in uterus and fallopian tubes where as in the man it
cause tuberculosis of epididymo orchitis, as a result of which no sperm can get
into the semen.
TB only cause infertility when it infects the genital tract,
which is very hard to diagnose and called as genital TB. Genital TB is
responsible for infertility in 5-10% of women. The only way to diagnose this TB
is by culturing the tubercle bacillus from the tissue and sent it to the lab
Know in detail about Genital Tuberculosis, its symptoms,
treatment available and for the investigation procedure at http://www.rupalhospital.com/keyholesurgeryforwomen.html
What is genital tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis or TB is a bacterium which can affect any part
of your body, but most often affects the lungs. The primary infection in the
lungs is known as pulmonary tuberculosis. In some cases the TB infection moves
through the blood to other parts of the body. It can thus cause secondary
infections in the genital tract, pelvic area, kidneys, spine and brain. When
the bacterium reaches the genital tract it causes genital tuberculosis or
pelvic TB. It affects the genital tract (in both men and women), fallopian
tubes, uterus, and ovaries. In some cases it also affects the cervix, vagina
How does genital TB spread?
What are the symptoms of genital TB?
Treatment Option for genital TB
How can genital TB affect my fertility?
How to screen for tubal scarring?
Several methods can help detect the tubal involvement.
Sonography helps in diagnosing pus in the tubes, while hysterosalpingography
helps to diagnose blocked tubes. Laparoscopy is a direct visualisation of the
tubes giving us an opportunity to take a biopsy from the suspected lesions.
TB-PCR from the endometrium or the inner lining of the uterus (a tissue sample
is taken and cultured to detect the genetic make-up of the bacteria) is a newer
test for diagnosis of tuberculosis. Routine blood tests such as CBC, ESR assist
in the diagnosis. Permanent damage may be avoided if anti-tubercular drugs are
started in the early phase of the disease.
Read the whole article about investigation procedures and
treatment options for Genital Tuberculosis at http://www.rupalhospitalwordpress-----------------------
But if detected late, when the damage is already done, you
may have to resort to assisted reproduction. If you have none of the above
symptoms, visit a gynaecologist and confirm whether you can plan your
pregnancy. If you have trouble getting pregnant within six months, you will
need to get yourself investigated. But if you have any of the above symptoms,
then it is a good idea to rule out genital tuberculosis at the earliest.
If a family member or colleague is an active TB patient,
then people around them need to be cautious and should go for tests like chest
X-Ray, tuberculin test to know whether they have been hit by TB or not. Two out
of 10 women suffering from TB cannot bear children. Doctors say that nearly 90%
of women with genital tuberculosis (GTB) are diagnosed in the 15-40 years age
range. Infertility on account of GTB is 40-80%. Experts say that with advanced
medical treatment now available, if the diagnosis is early enough, GTB can be
treated and the woman can regain fertility.
Various patients neglect the diagnostic test for TB when
they are unable to conceive, but it might be the major cause for your
infertility problem. So it would be good to test and ensure the root cause of
infertility. Rupal Hospital for Women is a premier leader in women's healthcare
since 45 long years and is committed in providing women with the highest
quality and most advanced healthcare throughout all stages of their lives. The
team of doctors at Rupal Hospital believes in the power of information and in
spreading education to patients. When the patient is detected with infertility
and all test are done, we at Rupal hospital advise our patients to go for all
test including blood test, Hysterosalpingography, Ultrasonography, Cervical
cytology, Endoscopy, Laparoscopy, Hysteroscopy and Cystoscopy. If the patient
is detected with genital tuberculosis, we advise them to complete the entire
course of the treatment. It is a course of antibiotics that lasts about six to
eight months. We at Rupal hospital make them aware that once the course for GTB
is over there are chances of achieving normal pregnancy.
You can contact our team of doctors for any information on
GTB, how to diagnose GTB, treatment options available for Genital tuberculosis
and to know the chances of conceiving after diagnosed with GTB at http://www.rupalhospital.com/index.html