Smoking is the largest cause of preventable death in the
world. Smoking causes 90% of all deaths from lung cancer and chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It increases the risk of coronary heart
disease, stroke, several types of cancer, infertility, stillbirth, sudden infant
death syndrome (SIDS), osteoporosis, and premature skin aging (wrinkles). Even
second-hand smoke is dangerous for health.
Cigarette smoking can
If you are a smoker and are trying to get pregnant, stop
smoking now. Quitting may be one of the best things you can do for your health,
for family and for your fertility.
Smokers are more likely to have fertility problems than non
smokers. If you smoke for many years, or smoke many cigarettes per day, your
risk for fertility problems is increased. When you smoke, more than 7000
chemicals spread throughout your entire body and all of your organs.
In females smoking
can lead to fertility problems, including the following:
Damage to your reproductive organs
Damage to eggs or premature menopause
Increased risk of cancer and increased risk of miscarriage
Detailed information about male and female infertility
treatments, causes and symptoms is available at http://www.rupalhospital.com/infertilitytreatmentformaleandfemale.html
In males Men that
smoke are at an increased risk for the following male fertility problems:
Lower sperm count and sperm motility problems
Erectile dysfunction - trouble getting or maintaining an
In addition, smokers that try fertility treatments tend to
take long time to conceive. If you are trying to get pregnant without success
and your partner smokes, encourage him to quit. The sooner he quits, the sooner
you may be able to conceive.
Here are the few important questions and answers that need
to be considered and understood by the persons smoking.
"The best way to protect
your fertility is to give up smoking."
Can smoking affect my
ability to have a child?
Most people understand that smoking increases the risk for
heart, vascular, and lung disease. Many do not realize that smoking can also
lead to problems with fertility in both men and women. Sperm count, Erectile
dysfunction and pregnancy complication rates increases with smoking.
Will smoking affect my
eggs or sperm?
Chemicals (such as nicotine, cyanide, and carbon monoxide)
in cigarette smoke speed up the loss rate of eggs. Unfortunately, once eggs die
off, they cannot be regenerated or replaced. This means that menopause occurs 1
to 4 years earlier in women who smoke (compared with non-smokers). Male smokers
can suffer decreased sperm quality with lower counts (numbers of sperm) and
motility (spermís ability to move) and increased numbers of abnormally shaped
sperm. Smoking might also decrease the spermís ability to fertilize eggs.
How can smoking impact
my ability to conceive?
Women who smoke do not conceive as efficiently as non
smokers. Infertility rates in both male and female smokers are about twice the
rate of infertility found in non smokers. The risk for fertility problems
increases with the number of cigarettes smoked daily. Even fertility treatments
such as IVF may not be able to fully overcome smokingís effects on fertility.
Female smokers need more ovary-stimulating medications during IVF and still
have fewer eggs at retrieval time and have 30% lower pregnancy rates compared
with IVF patients who do not smoke.
Does second hand smoke
of partner have effect on fertility?
Second-hand smoke can affect your fertility. If you live
with a smoker, encourage your loved one to stop. Second-hand smoke exposes you
to poisonous chemicals, affecting your fertility. In fact, fertility experts
say that second hand smoke is almost as damaging to your fertility as if you
were smoking yourself! Exposure to cigarette smoke for even just a few days can
affect your health and your fertility. Second-hand smoke is also a known cause
of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). If you do become pregnant, you and your
partner must stop smoking to protect the health of your baby.
If I stop smoking, will
my chances for conceiving and having a healthy pregnancy improve?
Yes. Quitting smoking can improve fertility though the
decrease of the egg supply cannot be reversed. The rate of pregnancy
complications due to smoking decreases, the longer a person has not smoked.
Can smoking affect my
Men whose mothers smoked half a pack of cigarettes (or more)
a day had lower sperm counts. Smoking during pregnancy also can lead to growth
restriction of the baby before birth. Children born with lower-than expected
birth weights are at higher risk for medical problems later in life (such as
diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease). Children whose parents smoke
are at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and for
Read about the factors affecting fertility and infertility
in men and women of fertile age at https://rupalhospital.wordpress.com/
Quitting smoking can be very, very difficult but studies
show that the chance for success is much higher if you work with your
health-care provider and/or a support group. Sometimes, temporary use of a
nicotine replacement (such as nicotine gum or patch) and/or prescription
medication can improve quitting smoking rates, and you can use these while
trying to conceive, if needed. Though it generally isnít advised to use these
during pregnancy, you and your health-care provider might consider their use
during pregnancy after weighing the risks and benefits.
The facts about smoking
Smokers take longer to conceive than non-smokers and are
more likely to have fertility problems. While smoking can lead to some
long-term fertility damage, studies have also shown that fertility rates can
improve after one year of quitting.
Some women may be tempted to keep smoking until they get
pregnant. However, it's best for you and your future baby if you quit before
you achieve pregnancy. It'll improve your chances of conceiving, be easier on
your body, healthier for your baby, and lower the risk of miscarrying the
pregnancy before you've even had a chance to give up smoking. The take-home
message for young women is that smoking irreversibly damages an irreplaceable
population of ovarian cells. Numerous studies had identified specific effects
of maternal smoking during pregnancy, including foetal growth retardation,
neonatal deaths, pregnancy complications, premature delivery and possible
effects on lactation and long-term effects on surviving children.
Further, there have been indications that smoking decreases
fertility in women increases the frequency of menstrual abnormalities and
decreases the age of spontaneous menopause. In males, it has been suggested
that cigarette smoking negatively affects every system involved in the reproductive
process. Spermatozoa from smokers have reduced fertilising capacity, and
embryos display lower implantation rates.
If your partner is also a smoker, it's best to quit
together, and there are many good reasons to do so. Dropping the habit together
will increase your chances of successfully quitting, too.
Fertility often improves for women after they stop smoking.
Studies show that female smokers can increase their chances of conceiving by
quitting at least two months before trying to get pregnant. Quit smoking and
you may just find it easier to get pregnant. In conclusion, although smokers as
a group may not experience reduced fertility, males with marginal semen quality
may benefit from quitting smoking. Also, smokers should quit smoking for the
sense of responsibility for their future generation as tobacco smoke contains
numerous mutagenic substances.
The best way to protect your fertility is to give up
smoking. Despite these warnings, millions of women of childbearing age still
continue to smoke. By doing so, they risk their own health and the health of
their babies and put the family building at stake.
Itís in the interest of the family that couple makes healthy
choices for themselves, their partners, and their future children. Rupal
Hospital is dedicated to provide the highest quality of services in womenís health.
It is the result of years of experience, knowledge, understanding and constant
updating and effort that has made the Rupal Hospital the best amongst all. Doctors
at Rupal Hospital take keen interest in
public health education. We believe that preventive interventions are equally
important as curative medicine, and prevention always requires awareness and
educations. We conduct several workshops and seminars that will improve the
health being of couples and in turn will help them to attain pregnancy.
Get more information on pregnancy, Infertility causes, male
infertility symptoms at http://www.rupalhospital.com or you can contact us on