Hormones are the chemical messengers in the body that travel the bloodstream
to the organs and tissues. They slowly work and affect many of the body’s
processes over time. Endocrine glands, which are special groups of cells, make
hormones. There are many endocrine glands in the body with the main ones being
the pituitary gland, thyroid, thymus, adrenal glands, and the pancreas.
Hormones are dominant and it only requires a small amount of them to cause
significant changes throughout the body. Both men and women produce hormones in
the same areas with one exception, the sexual organs. Additional male hormones
are produced in the testes while women’s are produced in the ovaries.
When our hormones are working properly and in the right combinations, life
is good. However, those same hormones that keep us happy and healthy can also
cause emotional and physical distress if they are not in balance. Optimal
hormone balance is critical to our physical and emotional well-being, as well
as long-term protection against age-related concerns such as breast cancer,
cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Hormone testing is a valuable tool for
achieving optimal hormone balance, as well as for maintaining that balance once
it is achieved. The right balance of hormones is important for women of all
Hormonal Imbalance and fertilization & conception
To understand the hormones properly
we should know that
1) Hormones have a profound effect on our everyday health and
2) Although present in only tiny amounts, hormones act
on every cell of our body.
3) Hormones have individual effects, but also interact
with each other to produce dramatic effects in the body; because of these
interactions, they are able to trigger multiple body systems.
4) When any of the hormones are imbalanced, symptoms
may occur. Imbalances are most common in puberty and menopause, but imbalances
can happen at any age.
5) Several conditions are well known to be associated
with hormonal imbalances including: polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS),
endometriosis, breast disease, and menstrual irregularities.
6) If hormone imbalance is left untreated it can result
in serious medical conditions like diabetes.
Hormones exist in a very delicate balance, and are just one aspect of the
many complex relationships present among our bodies nervous, endocrine, and
immune systems. In addition, various factors such as diet, low blood sugar,
stress, and sleep deficit can significantly affect both the function of the
receptors and the levels of the plasma binding proteins, which subsequently
affect the accuracy of hormone level measurements. As such, the accuracy of
hormone testing is dependent upon many factors, some of which are within our
control and some of which are not.
Symptoms Checker for Women
Testing Hormone Levels
Hormone balance is essential to good health for women of all ages.
Unfortunately, the accuracy of the tests used to determine hormone levels
varies widely. The major sex hormones to assess are estradiol, progesterone and
testosterone. The main adrenal hormones are DHEA and cortisol. These five
hormones will provide crucial information about deficiencies, excesses and
daily patterns, which then result in a specifically tailored treatment
approach. There is no single ideal method for assessment of hormones. Blood,
saliva, and urine each have their advantages. Below are the types of tests that
can be used to determine hormone levels:
saliva testing is the most accurate measurement of the body’s availability of
the hormones Cortisol, DHEA, Estrogen, Progesterone, and Testosterone. Saliva
testing is much more specific and correctly identifies the level of hormones at
the cellular level, in contrast to a serum (blood) test, which measures the
level of hormones circulating in the bloodstream. Saliva testing is not
helpful, however, to monitor women who are taking hormones in a sublingual
(drops or spray) or tans mucosal format. These forms of hormone delivery
concentrate the hormones in the salivary glands and the resulting saliva levels
are too high to be useful.
Serum or Blood Testing: Most serum tests define the normal
range of hormones very broadly, which is a distinct disadvantage to their use.
A blood (serum) test provides a direct assessment of circulating hormones. Most
reported hormone values are “total”, including both free and bound hormones.
Testosterone is the exception, being offered as “free” as well as total
testosterone. Serum tests offer relatively accurate values with
well-established reference ranges. However, reference ranges are often broad,
reducing their clinical utility. Typically, serum estrogen measurements only
include Estradiol (E2), although Estrone (E1) is also available.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Testing: FSH, another
serum test, is frequently used to determine the hormonal status of
premenopausal women who may complain of hot flashes, mood changes, or other
symptoms. The FSH test should not be used as an accurate measure of sex steroid
hormone production or as indication of reproductive status for most women,
because the level of FSH fluctuates widely during the decade before menopause.
Urine Testing: 24-hour urine sample is most accurate
because it provides a stable indicator of output not susceptible to the
hour-to-hour fluctuations seen in serum or salivary measurements. Urine hormone
testing is well-established in medical literature as a reliable method of
assessing physiological hormone levels.
Some of the common imbalances identified through hormone testing include
estrogen dominance, estrogen deficiency, progesterone deficiency, androgen
(testosterone and DHEA) excess or deficiencies, adrenal dysfunction and adrenal
Testing in Women
Hormone balance is essential to good health for women of all ages. From PMS
to menopause, these messengers of womanhood can affect your mood, your weight,
your food cravings – even your desire for sex. For many women, it’s smooth
sailing, but for others, it’s a shipwreck at every turn of the hormonal bend.
Hormonal imbalance symptoms in women include Acne or oily skin, Bloating, Bone
loss, Decreased fertility, Depression, Excess facial and body hair, Hot
flashes, Heavy or painful periods, Irregular periods, Irritability, Loss of
muscle mass, Loss of scalp hair, Low libido, Memory lapses, Mood swings,
Nervousness, Night sweats, Poor concentration, Sleep disturbances, Tender or
fibrocystic breasts, Urinary incontinence, Vaginal dryness, Weight gain, PMS,
Early miscarriage, Anxiety, Insomnia, Cyclical headaches, infertility, Painful
intercourse, Bladder infections, Lethargic, Puffiness and bloating, weight
gain, Red flush on face, Weepiness, Cervical dysplasia (abnormal pap smear),
Foggy thinking, Gallbladder problems, Ovarian cysts, Polycystic ovary syndrome
(PCOS), Hypoglycemia and/or unstable blood sugar, Mid-cycle pain, Debilitating
fatigue, Brown spots on face and Intolerance to exercise.
There are a variety of hormonal abnormalities that can lead to infertility.
Examples are hypothyroidism (low thyroid function), hyperprolactinemia (high
male hormone levels) and luteal phase defect (low progesterone levels).
Hormonal Imbalance is one of the leading cause of female infertility. The
woman’s inability to ovulate and regulate hormone levels cause a production of
too much or too less of one particular hormone. This hormonal imbalance is
manifested by symptoms that are easily detected allowing for treatment to begin
as soon as possible. These symptoms include irregular menstrual cycles,
excessive bleeding or very little bleeding, abdominal and pelvic cramps,
absence of menstrual period for stretches of time and excessive weight gain and
and Infertility & IVF success rate
The problems caused by hormonal
imbalance that has connection with infertility includes
1) Glandular problems like thyroid, pituitary and hypothalamus
glands problems. These glands are the primary glands that are responsible in
creation and production of reproductive hormones.
2) Ovulatory disorder like overproduction of “Prolactin” which leads
to disruption of hormonal levels.
3) Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) condition is marked by
multiple growths of cysts in the ovaries, resulting in a hormonal imbalance and
menstruation back flows.
4) Menopause in women often starts at the age of 40, if it comes
earlier; it becomes a sure sign of infertility. Menopause is signaled by
extreme mood swings, sleepiness, irregular menstruation and hot flashes.
5) Abnormal Cervical Mucus is a condition wherein the mucus lining
the cervix and the uterus is not quite as it should be, With the low production
of estrogen, the mucus becomes thick for sperm to pass or swim through.
Benefits of Proper Hormone Balance
Restoring hormone balance has been shown to have a beneficial effect on
quality of life. Estrogen and progesterone therapies are believed to reduce the
risk of cardiovascular disease, significantly protect from heart attack, and
reduce the bone loss associated with osteoporosis. Treatment with bio identical
progesterone and natural thyroid has been found to be effective in preventing
miscarriages, solving some cases of infertility and helpful in treating menstrual
difficulties, mood disorders, and PMS. Obtaining the proper hormone balance may
help you avoid minor health irritations, as well as major health concerns,
throughout the stages of your life.
Hormonal balance and its symptoms & infertility
Strength, energy, productivity and glowing health should be enjoyed
throughout all the stages of a woman’s life, from girlhood through motherhood
to old age. Diet, nutrition, exercise, and stress reduction are some of the
basic changes women need to make in their lives in order to restore hormone
balance. Some women may need hormone supplementation to help bring their bodies
back into balance. Obtaining a basic understanding of our hormones will begin
the process of restoring our body’s natural synchronization. Hormones have too
much impact on our lives to ignore. Every aspect of our lifestyle can affect
hormone balance and, just as importantly, hormone balance can profoundly
influence every aspect of our lives.
The reproductive endocrinologist at Indira
IVF will evaluate specific situations and perform tests in both the male and
female partners to determine the cause of infertility. Specific
treatment for hormonal infertility will be determined by Indira IVFs Hormonal
Infertility experts based on: age, overall health, and medical history, cause
of the disorder, tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies,
and expectations for the course of the hormonal disorder. Once a diagnosis is
made, our Hormonal Infertility specialists will work with you to determine the
course of treatment. Depending on the cause of hormonal infertility, there are
many options to offer an infertile couple. The types of treatments may include
medications, intrauterine insemination (IUI), surgery, assisted reproductive
technology (ART), in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm
injection (ICSI), gamete intra fallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intra
fallopian transfer (ZIFT), donor eggs, embryo cryopreservation and embryo
You can contact the team of gynecologist
to know more about hormonal imbalance including its symptoms, treatments,
testing and effects at http://www.indiraivf.com or you can meet the team of experts at http://www.indiraivf.com/specialist-team.html